Mount Tabor - Franciscan Monastery
The tradition links mount Tabor to the Transfiguration of Jesus. On top of the hill is a Franciscan Monastery with a magnificent basilica.
Matthew 17:1: "...and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, And was transfigured before them."
On the south-east side of the top of Mount tabor is a Franciscan monastery. This 20th C complex was built over the ruins of ancient churches (Byzantine and Crusader). A tall basilica stands on its east side and is one of the most magnificent churches in the Holy Land.
For more information on Mount Tabor and its sites, see the overview page.
The following aerial view shows the points of interest around the monastery. You can point on the red dots in order to navigate to the selected point.
The Franciscans, which many years later rebuilt the church, are a Christian order that was established by St. Francis in 1209. In 1342 Pope Clement VI declared that the Franciscans are the official custodians of the Holy places ("Custodia Terroe Sanctoe"). This custody is still in effect to date, including this monastery.
The monks returned to the Holy mountain in 1873, after the Ottomans granted permission.
The modern church was completed in 1924. It was built over the ruins of earlier churches - a 4th C AD Byzantine church and a 12th C Crusader church.
The Monastery is open to the public and is a recommended site to visit.
entrance to the Monastery is located on the south-west side. It
is an impressive Medieval style gate - called the "gate of the
wind". It is based on the original Crusaders gate, and was
restored in 1897.
The 5-cross symbol above the center is the Franciscan's symbol. This symbol was originally the Crusaders' sign of Jerusalem, and was adapted by the Franciscans. The 5-crosses motif is based on the 5 Holy wounds of the crucifixion of Jesus (2 in the hands, 2 in the legs, and one in the chest).
Click on the photos to view in higher resolution...
After the gate is a narrow road that leads to the inner gate. On both sides of the road are tall cypress trees, a wall and some ancient structures (you can read about them in a separate page). A parking lot is located on the right side (hidden in this photo).
Past the gate is a large open yard. On its south side are offices of the Franciscans and buildings where the monks reside, as seen below.
Another view of the yard, looking towards the gate.
The grand basilica is located on the east side of the complex.
Another view of the tall basilica.
The impressive entrance of the Basilica is seen below.
This is the door to the church.
A heads up view above the door. On the wall is a huge Latin inscription with the passage from Matthew 17 - the transfiguration description.
A view of the bell tower on the south side is seen below.
The hall of the church is long and very high, which casts a holy sensation while entering the church. The high ceiling rests on large wood planks, as can be seen in the photo below. The main altar is located high above the east end, and under it is a convex shaped chamber.
Above the main altar is an impressive mosaic painting in the high ceiling that depicts the central theme of the church - the transfiguration of Jesus before Peter, James, and John.
The mosaic shows a scene of Jesus floating in the air above a cloud. He is flanked by two clouds - Elijah the prophet on the right side, and Moses (holding the Ten commandments tablets) on the left side. The three disciples are standing below, amazed from the scene of the transfiguration.
Steps lead down to a chamber below, which is also the level of the Byzantine church. In the center is a vit'rage with a pair of peacocks, which are a symbol of mortality granted to the followers of Jesus, since according to legend the peacock's flesh does not decay.
On both sides of the convex ceiling are beautiful mosaics which show different phases of Jesus - infancy, suffering, death and resurrection. The photo below is on the left (north) side.
The photo below is the second part - on the right (south side).
The photo below shows the south side of the hall. On the ceiling is another mosaic painting, and above the steps is a side altar.
On the sides of the church are ruins of the 13th C Crusader/Ayoubi walls, as seen in the photo below - which is seen from the terrace on the south side.
Other ruins of the Crusader and Byzantine churches are located in the north side, and among the ancient walls is a display of ancient installations and other items.
Another view of the archaeological garden and the traces of ruins of earlier structures.
The garden on the south side has also some interesting items, such as the well on the photo below.
According to Matthew 17:1-13 (and Mk 9:2, Lk 9:28), Jesus is transfigured before Peter, James, and John on the "mountain". There are several candidates, such as Hermon (the tallest in Israel) and Tabor. Both are also referred as high mountains, see Psalms above ("Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name"). Tabor is closer to the center of Jesus activities, and also it is referred as "the mountain" in other texts. According to old traditions, Tabor is the holy mountain, and is called "the mount of Transfiguration".
"And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him. Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias.
While he yet spake,
behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out
of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am
well pleased; hear ye him. And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were
sore afraid. And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not
The transfiguration - by Gustav Dore (French artist, 1832-1883)